Gravel driveways- types of gravel and their pros and cons

May 28, 2019

Gravel might be one of the simplest construction materials, but it can be used to create amazing driveways. In this post we look at the different types of gravel and their comparative advantages and disadvantages.

There are a number of materials that are suitable for driveways, but one of the most popular is gravel. Gravel systems offer the most cost-effective option for homeowners, but still deliver the performance and durability associated with more expensive materials. What’s more, gravel driveways can be installed far quicker than alternative methods, whilst still having long lifespans. In fact, with the proper care and maintenance, a gravel driveway can last up to 100 years.

It’s important to remember that there are a number of different variants of gravel, each with their own properties and uses:

Pea gravel

Also known as ‘pea shingle’, this is a quartz-based aggregate that’s ideal for use on a driveway. Inexpensive, versatile and rounded, the fragments offer homeowners excellent drainage helping to ensure erosion prevention and weed blockage. This form of gravel is easy to maintain but will need to be contained with edging material during the installation process.
pea gravel

Self-binding gravel

This is somewhat different from other forms of gravel. Unlike alternatives, the material has had significant quantities of dust added to it to improve its self-binding ability. The dust knits the gravel together to form a surface, which is less susceptible to scuffing. Self-binding gravel is normally amongst the cheapest and is commonly used in parks.

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A natural blend of gravel, slit and clay, hoggin occurs naturally and when compacted can make a very stable surface. The material produces a buff-coloured bound surface, which will allow water to drain through it. Hoggin costs considerably less than driveway options like tarmac and concrete, but it isn’t anywhere near as durable.

Coal ash and cinders

This form of gravel is created as a by-product from coal-fired power stations. Coal ash and cinders make as good a surface as gravel; however, the material is only available in a black or charcoal colour. Be aware of the differing grades of coal ash and cinder gravel, which vary greatly on the market and can affect the material’s viability as a driveway surface solution.

Gravel driveways offer homeowners a cost-effective and reliable alternative to conventional slabs and brick pavers. Not only do gravel solutions significantly reduce the risk of flooding, but unlike other options, will allow water to fill through the gravel and into the ground helping to create a clear surface, which is safe for use all year round.

Regardless of the type of gravel you choose, ensure that the solution is installed by a trusted tradesperson. Checkatrade has over 30,000 recommended, vetted and monitored driveway contractors who will help to guarantee that the job is completed to a high-standard and that your gravel-based solution will deliver strong results.

Search for your nearest Checkatrade driveway installer.

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