Construction Site PPE and Workwear Guide | Checkatrade
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Construction site PPE and workwear

Safety on a construction site is always important. Our guide to PPE on a construction site explains what you need, and where to get the best price.

The importance of PPE on a construction site

Working in construction is a very physical job. This means any injuries can prevent you from working, making protecting yourself on-site incredibly important. Part of this is making sure you have the right workwear and PPE.

But you also need to consider the security of the site itself. To learn more about the importance of construction site security, check out our guide.

When should PPE be used in construction?

PPE should be worn whenever there’s a risk to a worker’s health or safety. As a construction site can be high-risk, while on-site, most construction site workers should have:

  • Some form of head protection
  • Suitable footwear
  • Hi-visibility clothing

PPE on a building site

What PPE is mandatory on a construction site?

We know that PPE is a vital way of protecting workers – but what’s the mandatory PPE on a construction site? Well, this depends on not only the type of site but also what jobs you’ll be doing that day.

Construction site PPE checklist

We’ve created a construction PPE checklist of the different options you’ll need to protect the people working on a site. Examples of necessary building site PPE include:

  • Safety boots with steel toecaps
  • Hard hat
  • Safety gloves
  • Hi-visibility clothing
  • Ear protection
  • Eye protection

What are the different types of PPE?

There are various types of construction site PPE, with different requirements depending on the nature of the particular job. This checklist will help you to select the items you might need:

  • Head and scalp protection (e.g. safety helmets).
  • Respiratory protective equipment RPE (e.g. respirators).
  • Eye protection (e.g. safety goggles).
  • Ear protection (e.g. earplugs).
  • Face protection (e.g. face shields).
  • Skin protection (e.g. protective clothing for hands, arms, and legs).
  • Hand and arm protection (e.g. gloves).
  • Foot protection (e.g. steel toecap boots).
  • Body protection (e.g. hazmat suits, overalls and boiler suits).
  • Height and access protection (e.g. safety harnesses).

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The best approach to take

Following health and safety guidance is the best way to prevent accidents and injuries on a construction site. While some of these measures may seem unnecessary, it’s never worth cutting corners at work.

This building site health and safety checklist covers some of the main ways to protect yourself on the job:

  • Always wear the recommended PPE.
  • Immediately report any issues or hazards you come across using the systems in place.
  • Never try to use any damaged tools or machinery.
  • Make sure to stick to the safety procedures and follow any signs around the site.
  • Ensure you use the proper tools for the job.
  • Keep all your tools and materials tidy to prevent them from becoming a hazard.
  • Don’t work with dangerous substances like asbestos without the proper training and PPE. This last one’s a biggie.

PPE workwear helmets

Builders clothes and PPE for construction sites

Hard hats

Due to the nature of the work on construction sites, there’s nearly always a risk of a head injury. Objects could fall or be thrown from a height, or you could catch yourself on an unprotected scaffold pole.

The Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Regulations Act 1992 set a standard for safe headwear. All workers must be provided with, and wear, suitable head protection to prevent or lessen an injury to the head:

  • Employers must provide hard hats to employees.
  • Employers must ensure hard hats are worn when there is a risk of head injury.
  • Self-employed should provide their own hard hats and ensure they wear them.

What is suitable head protection?

‘Suitable head protection’ means that any headwear:

  • Should be in good condition
  • Should fit,
  • Should allow you to wear ear protectors if needed
  • Should be purchased from a reputable supplier.

You should set a good example when it comes to PPE on a construction site by:

  • wearing your own hard hat
  • undertaking site checks to ensure compliance
  • putting up signage to show that hard hats will need to be worn.

You should also make sure you have adequate construction insurance to protect your business and your workers.

Get your branded workwear for less

Checkatrade members get an exclusive deal with Workwear Giant

Find out more

Site workwear

Site workwear needs to protect you and your team against hazards on site. It’s important to consider the following:

  • Wear appropriate clothing on your lower legs to minimise the likelihood of cuts, grazes, and splinters.
  • In the summer, protection should be worn to prevent over-exposure to sunlight.
  • Working in the cold – more so at height – can lead to a lack of concentration. Therefore warm clothing needs to be worn for safety as well as comfort.
  • If working outdoors in the wet and cold, waterproof and windproof clothing should be worn. As an employer, you should have space to store wet clothing to allow it to dry out after use.
  • Footwear should include a steel toecap (or equivalent) and midsole protection. This protects against heavy objects being dropped on your foot or sharp items penetrating the sole. Footwear with ankle supports are also advisable to offer protection on uneven ground.

Our guide to the cost of PPE will help you to price up the site workwear you need.

High-visibility clothing

Generally, if you’re working in low light or with vehicles and plant machinery on-site, high-visibility clothing should be worn. However, the type of high-visibility clothing required varies depending on the particular situation:

  • For construction workers and drivers on-site, a high-visibility tabard is sufficient.
  • If your role involves traffic management, a higher standard of high visibility will be needed. This is typically a high-visibility long-sleeved jacket and high-vis trousers. This will help to make sure you’re clearly visible to drivers travelling from a distance.

Until 31st December 2022, all PPE should be ‘CE’ marked to comply with the Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Regulations. However, as of 1st January 2023, all new PPE supplied in Great Britain must have the UKCA marking.

Trade workwear boots

Construction PPE suppliers

All Checkatrade members get an exclusive discount with Workwear Giant, so you can get branded workwear for less. We also have a partnership with Selco that also means fantastic savings for our members.

Savings on all outgoings can be helpful as you’re growing your construction business.

How to wear construction PPE

Employers are obliged to make sure PPE is provided and that the equipment is used properly:

  • This means that the equipment should be the correct size, fit, and weight for each user.
  • If multiple items of PPE need to be worn at the same time, they should not compromise each other’s effectiveness. You should be able to wear a hard hat and ear protection simultaneously or safety goggles alongside a respirator.

PPE is the last resort option in risk control – your last line of defence against injury.

Quick summary

PPE must be taken seriously to offer the best protection from the hazards associated with working in the construction industry:

  • The minimum requirement for construction PPE is a hard hat, protective footwear, and a high visibility jacket.
  • Additional PPE requirements will then need to be factored in, depending on the job you and your team are undertaking.
  • For example, you’ll need safety gloves to protect hands from hazardous chemicals, or a safety harness if working at height.
  • Employers are obliged to provide training for the proper use of PPE and ensure it is worn on site.
  • Become a Checkatrade member to receive exclusive discounts on your construction PPE with Workwear Giant.

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Workwear PPE FAQs

Why should PPE be maintained?

PPE should be well maintained as damaged PPE will not be up to the job. For example, leaving a hard hat exposed to the sun in a hot vehicle could compromise the material.

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