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It’s easy to take for granted reliable plumbing in cities but in the countryside that’s not always an option. Where mains drainage isn’t available, a septic tank is the ideal way to add drainage to any home.
Best of all, a well-designed system can last for decades and even be cheaper in the long run than paying to be connected to the public sewers.
So how much does septic tank installation cost? Well, prices range from £800 – £1,300 for the tank and £2,500 for the installation on average.
To help you price this job we spoke to Bob Branscombe (MRICS and MCIOB qualified), who has 34 years in the industry with Branscombe Consulting. In this handy table we’ve compiled estimated and average costs so you can work out the septic tank installation prices for your home.
A septic tank stores wastewater from your home and allows it to settle as effluent, leaving the solid contaminated waste (sludge) at the bottom of the tank, scum at the top of the tank and liquid septic water in the middle.
With underground systems, the liquid septic water is filtered and released into a drain field through an outlet pipe where it is treated by microorganisms. The remaining sludge and scum in the tank is left to decompose and should this build up too much then the tank will need to be emptied.
Septic tanks collect waste not only from sinks, baths and toilets but also from dishwashers and washing machines, meaning a considerable amount of water can be collected every single day. Making sure you get the right size is key, as smaller tanks quickly end up costing more to empty in the long run if you haven’t picked a big enough size.
To calculate the size you need, BS6297 and British Water Flows and Loads recommend the following formula:
Size needed = 150 litres x Maximum number of people in the property + 2,000 litres
British Water Flows and Loads estimate each person will use 150 litres per day, but you may want to do your own calculation. Children are treated as needing the same amount as adults. 2,000 litres is the minimum amount of litres needed to comply with building regulations.
By spending more upfront and choosing the largest system you can afford and have the space for, you will save more in the long run.
Smaller septic tanks cost around £850 to purchase, whilst larger ones can cost around £1,300.
|Septic tank installation costs||How much will a septic tank cost you?|
|Unit||Cost +VAT (low - high range)||Average cost|
|Small septic tank||Per tank||-||£850|
|Medium septic tank||Per tank||-||£1,000|
|Large septic tank||Per tank||-||£1,300|
|Installation||Per tank||£1,500 - £3,500||£2,500|
|Empty tank||Per tank||£120 - £350||£235|
*These are estimated, average costs. Our prices have been researched widely online by the Checkatrade team and represent a ballpark average for your proposed project. Costs may vary by region, the scope of the project and indeed by the products you plan to use.
There are two main considerations in terms of the type of septic tank; what design is best for your garden and what material should the tank be made of?
You can choose to position a septic tank below or above ground, with the following benefits:
Most domestic septic tanks are installed below ground along with accompanying underground drainage. This can be done via soakaways or a drainage field.
For peace of mind when buying or selling a home, septic tank surveys are generally requested to ensure everything is ok with the installation. You should consider that a poor quality tank or installation may cost you down the line when this survey is done. Buying a right sized, good quality tank that’s properly installed will save money in the long run, every time.
Above ground systems are very simple to install and generally only take a day, with lower costs for soil disposal and excavation than below ground systems.
Below ground systems and drain fields can take around a week or two to install, depending on the size of the tank, the soil quality and availability of diggers and excavators.
Additional time will be needed to secure the necessary permits as well.
Health and safety is a key consideration with these installations. With deep excavations, earthwork, the considerable size of the tank and ensuring safe access we recommend installation is done by a trained professional.
Labour costs for installation are generally between £1,500-£3,500 with a further cost of £28/m3 for disposal of excavated material with a new installation. This will increase if the soil is contaminated.
The rules on septic tank installations were updated in 2020, in the form of the Environment Agency Septic Tank General Binding Rules. As indicated above, these state you cannot empty a septic tank into a waterway. In addition to these rules you must check with your local authority whether you can install a septic tank. The UK Government has an excellent guide on the General Binding Rules you need to follow here and if you will require a permit.
You must also seek planning permission and building regulations approval. This can be secured via your local authority who will also be able to confirm if you are in a protected zone.
With underground tanks only the scum and sludge needs emptying through occasional pumping. Therefore, it could be two to three years before you need to have the tank emptied. In fact, it’s advised this isn’t done too often as having a good amount of bacteria in the tank helps break down future effluent.
If you want to check yourself if your tank needs emptying you can buy a Sludge Judge for around £120-£200. Much like checking the oil on your car, you can check the amount of sludge in the tank in a similar way. This can save thousands in unnecessary pumping over the life of the tank.
You can further reduce your water requirements through using low-flow toilets, more economical washing machines or reduced flow showerheads.
It costs around £120 to empty a small septic tank and up to £350 for an extra-large one.
Good quality septic tanks are designed to last a long time but they’re not unbreakable. Common faults include a clogged septic system, blocked pipes, flooding, unexpected smells and tank corrosion.
Septic tank repairs cost considerably less than replacing the system. Cleaning (also known as “jetting”) the pipes, chemical treatments, filter replacements and soil loosening are several options for repair.
Regular inspections can help reduce the risk of these issues occurring and aid with insurance claims should the septic tank be unrepairable.
There are many reasons to look into the costs to replace a septic tank:
Septic tank replacement costs slightly less than getting a new system installed if you can use the existing drainage field. You may even be able to sell the old system to recoup some of the costs.
However, if the old septic tank has broken or contaminated the ground around it then costs will be as much as or even more than a new installation. If the tank has not been pumped enough then the old soakaway or drainage field can become clogged. If this happens it takes a long time for the bacteria that’s built up to die out and you’ll have to pay the cost of an entirely new installation and new tank. A considerable expense and one that underlines just how important regular pumping is.
Contaminated soil will also need to be removed at a cost of around of £40/m3.
To find a local, reputable, tradesperson in your area for a new septic system, use our free search feature.